712
Index of Exercise Physiology
Effects on Cardiovascular System
415–19
Atrial pumping
416–17
Cardiac output (increases)
415–19, 424
Distribution during exercise
405, 415–16
Control mechanisms
416–17
Coronary blood fl ow (increases)
367
Gastrointestinal blood fl ow (decreases)
415–16
Heart attacks (protective against)
422
Heart rate (increases)
416, 417
Lymph fl
ow (increases)
401–402
Maximal oxygen consumption (increases)
417–19
Mean arterial pressure (increases)
416–17
Renal blood fl ow (decreases)
415–16
Skeletal muscle blood fl ow (increases)
389, 415, 417
Skin blood fl ow (increases)
415
Stroke volume (increases)
416, 418, 419
Summary 416
Venous return (increases)
416–17
Role of respiratory pump
400–401, 417
Role of skeletal muscle pump
400–401, 417
Effects on Organic Metabolism
577–78
Cortisol secretion (increases)
576
Diabetes mellitus (protects against)
578–80
Epinephrine secretion (increases)
575–76
Fuel homeostasis
577–78, 582
Fuel source
86, 273, 577–78
Glucagon secretion (increases)
575
Glucose mobilization from liver (increases)
577–78
Glucose uptake by muscle (increases)
577–78
Growth hormone secretion (increases)
578
Insulin secretion (decreases)
575
Metabolic rate (increases)
585
Plasma glucose changes
575
Plasma HDL (increases)
581
Plasma lactic acid (increases)
274, 473
Sympathetic nervous system activity (increases)
577, 578
Effects on Respiration
474–75
Alveolar gas pressures (no change in moderate
exercise) 474–75
Capillary diffusion
462, 465
Control of respiration in exercise
473, 474–75
Oxygen debt
273
Pulmonary capillaries (dilate)
415–16
Ventilation (increases)
474–75
Breathing depth (increases)
273, 476
Expiration 451–52
Respiratory rate (increases)
273, 470–74
Role of Hering-Breuer refl ex
470
Stimuli 474–75
Effects on Skeletal Muscle
277–78
Adaptation to exercise
277–78
Arterioles (dilate)
405–408
Changes with aging
278
Fatigue 273–74
Glucose uptake and utilization (increase)
273
Hypertrophy 256
Local blood fl ow (increases)
389, 405, 415–16
Local metabolic rate (increases)
75
Local temperature (increases)
75
Nutrient utilization
577–78
Oxygen extraction from blood (increases)
273
Recruitment of motor units
277
Other Effects
Aging 278, 418–19
Body temperature (increases)
595
Central command fatigue
274
Gastrointestinal blood fl ow (decreases)
415–16
Immune function
670
Menstrual function
578, 640
Metabolic acidosis
473
Metabolic rate (increases)
584–85
Muscle fatigue
273–74
Osteoporosis (protects against)
345, 355, 640
Stress 577–78, 582
Weight loss
580, 589
Types of Exercise
Aerobic exercise
277–78
Endurance exercise
277, 417–19
Long-distance running
273, 277
Moderate exercise
277–78
Swimming 476
Weightlifting
277, 278, 417
Appendix B
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