566
566
S
ECTION
A
Control and Integration of
Carbohydrate, Protein, and Fat
Metabolism
Events of the Absorptive and
Postabsorptive States
Absorptive State
Postabsorptive State
Endocrine and Neural Control of the
Absorptive and Postabsorptive States
Insulin
Glucagon
Epinephrine and Sympathetic Nerves to
Liver and Adipose Tissue
Cortisol
Growth Hormone
Summary of Hormonal Controls
Energy Homeostasis in Exercise
and Stress
Additional Clinical Examples
Diabetes Mellitus
Hypoglycemia
Increased Plasma Cholesterol
S
ECTION
B
Regulation of Total-Body Energy
Balance and Temperature
Basic Concepts of Energy Expenditure
Metabolic Rate
Regulation of Total-Body Energy
Stores
Control of Food Intake
Overweight and Obesity
Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa and
Bulimia Nervosa
What Should We Eat?
Regulation of Body Temperature
Mechanisms of Heat Loss or Gain
Temperature-Regulating Refl
exes
Temperature Acclimatization
Additional Clinical Examples
Fever and Hyperthermia
Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke
chapter
16
Regulation of
Organic
Metabolism and
Energy Balance
c
hapter 3 introduced the
concepts of energy and of
organic metabolism at the
level of the individual cell. This
chapter deals with two topics
that are concerned in one way or
another with those same concepts,
but for the entire body. First, this
chapter describes how the metabolic
pathways for carbohydrate, fat,
and protein are controlled so as to
provide continuous sources of energy
to the various tissues and organs at
all times. Next, the determinants of
total-body energy balance and the
regulation of body temperature are
described.
Genetically obese
and normal mouse.
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