359
Color-enhanced
angiographic image of
coronary arteries.
S
ECTION
A
Overall Design of the Circulatory
System
System Overview
Pressure, Flow, and Resistance
S
ECTION
B
The Heart
Anatomy
Cardiac Muscle
Heartbeat Coordination
Sequence of Excitation
Cardiac Action Potentials and
Excitation of the SA Node
The Electrocardiogram
Excitation-Contraction Coupling
Refractory Period of the Heart
Mechanical Events of the Cardiac Cycle
Mid-Diastole to Late Diastole
Systole
Early Diastole
Pulmonary Circulation Pressures
Heart Sounds
The Cardiac Output
Control of Heart Rate
Control of Stroke Volume
Measurement of Cardiac Function
Additional Clinical Examples
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
S
ECTION
C
The Vascular System
Arteries
Arterial Blood Pressure
Measurement of Systemic Arterial Pressure
Arterioles
Local Controls
Extrinsic Controls
Endothelial Cells and Vascular Smooth
Muscle
Arteriolar Control in Specifi c Organs
Capillaries
Anatomy of the Capillary Network
Velocity of Capillary Blood Flow
Diffusion Across the Capillary Wall:
Exchanges of Nutrients and Metabolic
End Products
Bulk Flow Across the Capillary Wall:
Distribution of the Extracellular Fluid
Veins
Determinants of Venous Pressure
The Lymphatic System
Mechanism of Lymph Flow
Additional Clinical Examples
Causes of Edema
S
ECTION
D
Integration of Cardiovascular
Function: Regulation of Systemic
Arterial Pressure
Baroreceptor Refl exes
Arterial Baroreceptors
The Medullary Cardiovascular Center
Operation of the Arterial Baroreceptor
Refl
ex
Other Baroreceptors
chapter
12
Cardiovascular
Physiology
Blood Volume and Long-Term Regulation of
Arterial Pressure
Other Cardiovascular Refl exes and Responses
Additional Clinical Examples
Elevated Intracranial Pressure
S
ECTION
E
Cardiovascular Patterns in Health and
Disease
Hemorrhage and Other Causes of Hypotension
Shock
The Upright Posture
Exercise
Maximal Oxygen Consumption and Training
Hypertension
Heart Failure
Coronary Artery Disease and Heart Attacks
S
ECTION
F
Blood and Hemostasis
Plasma
The Blood Cells
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Platelets
Regulation of Blood Cell Production
Hemostasis: The Prevention of Blood Loss
Formation of a Platelet Plug
Blood Coagulation: Clot Formation
Anticlotting Systems
Anticlotting Drugs
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