315
MRI of a human
brain showing the
connection between
the hypothalamus
(orange) and the
pituitary gland (red)
S
ECTION
A
Principles of Hormonal Control
Systems
Hormone Structures and Synthesis
Amine Hormones
Peptide and Protein Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Hormone Transport in the Blood
Hormone Metabolism and Excretion
Mechanisms of Hormone Action
Hormone Receptors
Events Elicited by Hormone-Receptor
Binding
Pharmacological Effects of Hormones
Inputs that Control Hormone
Secretion
Control by Plasma Concentrations of
Mineral Ions or Organic Nutrients
Control by Neurons
Control by Other Hormones
Types of Endocrine Disorders
Hyposecretion
Hypersecretion
Hyporesponsiveness and
Hyperresponsiveness
S
ECTION
B
The Hypothalamus and Pituitary
Gland
Control Systems Involving the
Hypothalamus and Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary Hormones
Anterior Pituitary Hormones and the
Hypothalamus
S
ECTION
C
The Thyroid Gland
Synthesis of Thyroid Hormones
Control of Thyroid Function
Actions of Thyroid Hormones
Metabolic Actions
Permissive Actions
Growth and Development
Additional Clinical Examples
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
S
ECTION
D
The Endocrine Response to Stress
Physiological Functions of Cortisol
Functions of Cortisol in Stress
Other Hormones Released During
Stress
Psychological Stress and Disease
Additional Clinical Examples
Adrenal Insuffi
ciency and Cushing’s
Syndrome
chapter
11
The Endocrine
System
S
ECTION
E
Endocrine Control of Growth
Bone Growth
Environmental Factors Infl uencing Growth
Hormonal Infl uences on Growth
Growth Hormone and Insulin-Like Growth
Factors
Thyroid Hormones
Insulin
Sex Hormones
Cortisol
Additional Clinical Examples
Acromegaly and Gigantism
S
ECTION
F
Endocrine Control of Ca
2+
Homeostasis
Effector Sites for Calcium Homeostasis
Bone
Kidneys
Gastrointestinal Tract
Hormonal Controls
Parathyroid Hormone
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D
Calcitonin
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Additional Clinical Examples
Hyper- and Hypocalcemia
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